Joshua Powers and Edward P. St. John
Issues in Globalization and Social Justice, No. 2
Although individual institutions and subsectors of higher education have long had economic prosperity as part of their mission, the near universality of this mission across the globe is truly unprecedented. From the United States to Europe, Asia, South America and beyond, nation states are actively engaged in policymaking designed to stimulate more efficient and effective diffusion of innovations from the university laboratory to the marketplace.
The book begins by placing globalization and commercialization in its historical and contemporary context, providing valuable data related to the globalization of academic research and development activity and raising questions about the forces at work that may lead institutions to look to inappropriate “peer” role models. Part II considers how universities serve as engines of economic development, discussing such issues as ethical practices in technology commercialization, the knowledge networks demonstrated in academic patenting, and the gender dynamics of entrepreneurial science. The book’s concluding section explores regional issues and challenges.
This result is an entry in the Globalization and Social Justice series that looks deep under the hood of higher education’s embrace of the economic development mission and explores what is both promising and troubling in its effects.
Joshua B. Powers, Introduction
Part I: Globalization and Commercialization in Context
Henry Etzkowitz, Wither the (Entrepreneurial) University?
Creso M. Sá, Globalization, Business, and the Research Enterprise
Part II: Universities as Engines of Economic Development: Social and Private Good Outcome Implications
Margaret M. Clements and Joshua B. Powers, Privatizing the Intellectual Commons: Ethical Practice and the Social Contract for Science in the United States
Margaret M. Clements, The Global Invisible College: Knowledge Networks and Academic Patenting
Marina Ranga, The Y Factor: Gender Dynamics in Entrepreneurial Science
Part III: Regional Issues and Challenges
Julie Lydon and Bob Morgan, The Bologna Process and the Lisbon Agenda: Implications for European Higher Education
Marli Elizabeth Ritter dos Santos, University Technology Transfer in Brazil
Fumi Kitagawa, Innovation Policy, Regional Convergence, and Institutional Diversification: A Comparative View of Higher Education Systems and Innovation in East Asia
Edward P. St. John, Conclusion
Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data
Higher education, commercialization, and university-business relationships in comparative context / volume editors, Joshua Powers, Edward P. St. John.
p. cm. — (Issues in globalization and social justice: comparative studies in international higher education, ISSN 2325-6311 ; no. 2)
Includes bibliographical references and index.
978-0-404-64802-2 (cloth : alk. paper)
1. Business and education—Cross-cultural studies.
2. Universities and colleges—Marketing—Cross-cultural studies.
3. Privatization in education—Cross-cultural studies.
I. Powers, Joshua B. (Joshua Bryant), 1963– editor of compilation.
II. St. John, Edward P., editor of compilation.